It began more than a hundred million years ago. Flowering plants emerged from the earth, evolving, diversifying… developing sophisticated mechanisms for growth and reproduction. Then we humans emerged, just a few hundred thousand years ago, surrounded by flowers, its pollinators and the ensuing fruits and seeds that flowers produced. A chronicle of civilization is a chronicle of seeds. We stopped chasing and searching for food. We started experimenting with growing food. Our ancestors settled down to become… agricultural. We, with the seed, have co-evolved together. Our food today, illustrates our deep connection with our environment. At the National Seed Dialogue and Celebration, hosted by the African Centre for Biodiversity at Constitution Hill in December 2017, farmers and practitioners doing practical seed bank work shared their experiences with participants in small groups, Small groups then discussed the role of the national gene banks in repatriating seed varieties to smallholder farmers for production and exchange.